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Sierra Metals Announces Positive Updated PEA on the Expansion at Its Yauricocha Mine in Peru

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Sierra Metals Announces Positive Updated PEA on the Expansion at Its Yauricocha Mine in Peru






Sierra Metals Inc. (TSX: SMT) (BVL: SMT) (NYSE AMERICAN: SMTS) is pleased to report the results of the updated Preliminary Economic Analysis for the expansion at its Yauricocha Mine operation, located in Yauyos Province in Peru. This updated PEA is based on the last reported resource, prepared by SRK and dated March 31st, 2021, and includes revised PFS level CAPEX and opex estimations.


This PEA report was prepared as a National Instrument 43-101 Technical Report for Sierra Metals Inc. by SRK Consulting (Canada) Inc. and Redco Global Peru S.A.C. The full technical report will be filed on SEDAR within 45 days of this news release.


Highlights of the updated PEA include:

  • Updated Mine plan based on the last reported resource, prepared by SRK and dated March 31st, 2021
  • PFS level CAPEX and OPEX estimation for expansion
  • Mine plan includes updated mineral resources, including inferred resources
  • Expansion Development Capital (Years 1-3): US$102.2 Million
  • Life of Mine (LOM) after-tax Net Present Value: US$273.1 Million at an 8% discount rate
  • LOM Net After-tax Cash Flow: US$407.7 Million
  • LOM & Sustaining Capital Cost: US$312.1 Million
  • Average LOM Operating Unit Cost: US$44.01/tonne and US$1.30/lb copper equivalent
  • Mine Life: 11 years based on existing Mineralized material estimate of 17.4 Mt.
  • Average LOM Grades of Copper 1.2%, Zinc 1.4% Silver 31.12 g/t (1.00 oz/t), Lead 0.4% and Gold 0.398 g/t (0.013 oz/t)
  • LOM Payable Production: Copper 332.9 million pounds, Zinc 399.9 million pounds, Silver 10.9 million troy ounces, Lead 131.2 million pounds and Gold 19.9 thousand troy ounces
  • Metal Price Assumptions: Copper US$3.39/lb, Zinc US$1.10/lb, Silver US$21.02/oz, Lead US$0.91/lb, Gold US$1,598/oz.


The PEA is preliminary in nature and includes inferred mineral resources that are considered too speculative geologically to have the economic considerations applied to them that would enable them to be categorized as mineral reserves. Mineral resources that are not mineral reserves do not have demonstrated economic viability. There is no certainty that inferred resources can be converted to indicated or measured resources or mineral reserves and, as such, there is no certainty that the results of the PEA will be realised.


Instances of the word ‘economic’ are intended to be conceptual only, and prospects for economic extraction have not been demonstrated.


Luis Marchese, CEO of Sierra Metals commented: “I am pleased with the results of this updated PEA which continues to support the Company’s organic growth strategy to profitably develop and grow the Yauricocha Mine production rate to 5,500 TPD in 2024 from today’s permitted capacity of 3,600 TPD.”


He continued, “The updated positive PEA study demonstrates an economical expansion that supports the goal of maximizing shareholder returns. This result underpins the strategy of incremental organic expansions at our operations, supported by their resource endowment, and our focus on base metals going forward. With the consistent addition of resources through our highly successful exploration initiatives, as well as added efficiencies on the productivity of the mine due to our focus on continuous improvement, Yauricocha confirms itself as a sustainable mine with a profitable and valuable outlook for many years to come.”


Updated PEA Highlights


Mining Methodology


The Yauricocha Mine is a producing underground mining operation with a long production history using well-established, proven mining methods. The majority of the mining is executed through mechanized sub-level caving with a relatively small portion of the mining using overhand cut and fill.


PEA Production Profile


Developed mine plan for Yauricocha is based on the last reported resource, prepared by SRK and dated March 31st, 2021. Many of the assumptions used in the PEA mine plan are based on actual production figures. The economic envelope used to develop the mine plan is based on current operating costs. The economic envelope blocks by Net Smelter Return (NSR) value; blocks with an NSR value greater than US$ 32.48/t are considered marginal and blocks with an NSR value greater than US$ 42.94/t are considered potentially economic. Marginal blocks are only included in the mine plan when they are adjacent to potentially economic blocks and their recovery does not require additional mine development. NSR values considered planned and unplanned dilution (variable dilution between 10% and 25% respectively) and historical performance achieving mine recoveries of 80%.


The mine schedule includes measured, indicated and inferred resources. Inferred resources to be mined in the LOM production plan include 7.6 M tonnes or 43.7% of total tonnes. The schedule establishes a LOM at Yauricocha of 11 years, with a maximum production rate of 5,500 tpd. This LOM considers mine development between 2022-2023, ramping up to 5,500 tpd in 2024 until 2029, where production would reduce until the end of the LOM.



Item Total 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Tonnage (kt) 17,428 1,033 1,405 1,360 2,062 1,918 2,033 1,939 1,889 1,872 1,550 365
Cu (%) 1.16 0.93 0.92 1.11 1.11 0.96 0.94 1.02 1.43 1.69 1.41 1.16
Pb (%) 0.41 0.86 1.01 0.52 0.57 0.53 0.49 0.14 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.07
Zn (%) 1.41 2.23 2.69 1.82 2.24 2.14 1.79 0.52 0.40 0.44 0.57 0.57
Ag (g/t) 31.12 54.62 53.29 41.04 38.84 35.97 33.23 20.95 18.40 17.62 15.86 15.55
Au (g/t) 0.40 0.51 0.45 0.40 0.34 0.36 0.40 0.37 0.40 0.45 0.38 0.35
NSR (USD/t) 74.2 84.5 88.2 79.9 82.8 74.5 69.8 55.3 69.9 80.1 69.3 58.5


Mineral Processing


The Chumpe plant is located approximately one kilometer from the Yauricocha Mine and mineralized material is transported from the mine to the plant by rail. Mineralized material is processed using conventional two-stage crushing followed by grinding-classification and differential flotation circuit to produce commercial quality lead/silver and copper.


SRK is of the opinion that Yauricocha’s operations are reasonably well operated and shows flexibility to treat multiple mineralized material sources. The metallurgical performance, i.e., metal recovery and concentrate grade have been consistent throughout the period evaluated allowing them to produce commercial quality copper concentrate, copper concentrate, and zinc concentrate.


Mineral processing and the recovery of the mineral are demonstrated, and copper, silver, gold, lead and zinc recoveries are established at 75.0%, 68.4%, 19.5%, 88.5% and 88.0%, respectively.


The Chumpe Plant’s current throughput capacity is 3,600 TPD. In 2020, the average daily production was 3,038 tonnes per day and in Q1 2021, the average increased to 3,532 tonnes per day. In line with proposed increases in mine output, the processing capacity at Chumpe would increase to 5,500 TPD in 2024.


The overall supporting infrastructure exists already and is functioning and adequate to support the mine and mill.


Economic Analysis


This PEA indicates an after-tax NPV of US$273.1 million (using a discount rate of 8%) at 5,500 TPD (in 2024). The total operating cost for the LOM is US$766.9 million, equating to a total operating cost of US$44.01 per tonne milled and US$1.30 per pound copper equivalent. Highlights of the PEA are provided below.


PEA Highlights


Base case of US$1,598/oz Gold, US$21.02/oz

Silver, US$3.39/lb Copper, US$0.91/lb Lead and

US$1.10/lb Zinc.

Unit Value
Net Present Value (After Tax 8% Discount Rate) US$ M 273.1
LOM Mill Feed (ROM mineralized material) Tonnes (Mt) 17.4
Mining Production Rate (360 days per annum) t/year 1,980,000
LOM Project Operating Period Years 11.0
Total LOM Capital Costs US$ M 312.1
Net After – Tax Cashflow US$ M 407.7
EBITDA US$ M 1,007.4
Average LOM total Operating Unit Costs US$/t 44.01
LOM Copper Production (Payable – in copper conc) M Lb 320.3
LOM Copper Production (Payable – in lead conc) M Lb 12.6
LOM Gold Production (Payable) koz 19.9
LOM Silver Production (Payable) Moz 10.9
LOM Lead Production (Payable) M Lb 131.2
LOM Zinc Production (Payable) M Lb 399.9


Capital and Operating Costs Breakdown


The total initial development capital for the Yauricocha Mine Expansion is estimated to be approximately US$102.0 million, which includes a contingency of US$10.8 million. A break down of costs is shown in the table below.


Total Initial Development and Expansion Capital

(Years 1-3)

US$ Millions  
Direct Costs    
Mining $ 16.4
Processing Plant $ 48.6
Infrastructure $ 2.1
Ancillaries $ 6.9
Total Direct Costs $ 74.0
Indirect Costs    
Indirect Costs $ 13.3
Owners Costs $ 3.9
Total Indirect Costs $ 17.2
Subtotal $ 91.2
Contingency $ 10.8
Total Project $ 102.0


Total Operating Unit Costs from 2021 to 2023 are expected to average US$ 47.61/t, declining to an LOM average of US$ 43.00/t starting in 2024 based on the effect of increasing the production rate from the current 3,780 tpd to 5,500 tpd in 2024. A breakdown of unit operating costs is presented below:


Unit Operating Cost US$ per
tonne milled
2021 – 2023 2024+
Mining $ 33.32 28.97
Processing $ 8.45 8.78
G&A $ 5.84 5.25
Total $ 47.61 43.00


OPEX and CAPEX Breakdown by Year


Item Total 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
OPEX (USD/t) 44.0 50.2 47.5 45.8 43.2 44.4 45.2 44.4 41.7 38.1 40.6 56.2
CAPEX (M USD)* 312.1 42.1 50.3 61.4 24.7 33.4 26.9 19.7 16.3 20.5 5.6 11.2
*Includes Closure Costs


Mineral Resource Statement


The Yauricocha Mine is located in the Allis district, Yauyos province, department of Lima, approximately 12 kilometers west of the Continental Divide and 60 kilometers south of the Pachacayo railway station. Polymetallic mineralization has been mined at Yauricocha for more than 50 years. Mineralization is genetically and spatially related to the Yauricocha stock; six skarn bodies host mineral resources around the margins of the stock. Near surface mineral is exhausted but significant mineral resources are reported at depth.


The PEA is based upon the following updated Mineral Resource Statement.


Consolidated Yauricocha Mine Mineral Resource Statement as of 31 March 2021 – SRK Consulting (Canada), Inc. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Classification Volume Tonnes Density Ag Au Cu Pb Zn As Fe NSR Ag Au Cu Pb Zn As Fe
(m3) ‘000 (Kt) (t/m3) (g/t) (g/t) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (USD/t) (Moz) (Koz) (Mlb) (Mlb) (Mlb) (Kt) (Mt)
Measured 1,262 4,241 3.36 59.41 0.58 1.08 0.92 2.62 0.19 25.02 131 8.1 79.3 100.8 86.2 245.3 7.9 1.1
Indicated 2,929 10,069 3.44 37.07 0.50 1.17 0.51 1.88 0.13 25.89 109 12.0 161.1 259.9 113.0 417.2 12.9 2.6
Measured + Indicated 4,191 14,310 3.41 43.69 0.52 1.14 0.63 2.10 0.15 25.86 116 20.1 240.4 360.7 199.2 662.5 20.8 3.7
Inferred 3,337 11,566 3.47 29.04 0.44 1.40 0.32 1.03 0.07 26.38 103 10.8 161.8 358.1 82.7 261.9 8.3 3.1


(1) Mineral Resources have been classified in accordance with the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (“CIM”) Definition Standards on Mineral Resources and Mineralized material, whose definitions are incorporated by reference into NI 43-101.
(2) Mineral Resources are reported inclusive of Mineralized material. Mineral Resources are not Mineralized material and do not have demonstrated economic viability. All figures are rounded to reflect the relative accuracy of the estimates.
Silver, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, arsenic (deleterious) and iron assays were capped / cut where appropriate.
(3) The consolidated Yauricocha Resource Estimate is comprised of Measured, Indicated and inferred material in the Mina Central, Cuerpos Pequeños, Cuye, Mascota, Esperanza and Cachi-Cachi mining areas.
(4) Polymetallic Mineral Resources are reported at Cut-Off values (COV) based on estimated 5500 tpd operating costs, Net Smelter Returns (NSR) based on estimated 5500 tpd metallurgical recoveries and 2021 smelter contracts.
(5) Metal price assumptions used for polymetallic feed considered CIBC November 2021 long term consensus pricing (Gold (US$1,598.21/oz), Silver (US$21.02/oz), Copper (US$3.39/lb), Lead (US$0.91/lb), and Zinc (US$1.10/lb).
(6) Lead Oxide Mineral Resources are reported at COV’s based on 2016 actual metallurgical recoveries and 2021 smelter contracts. No mining of Lead Oxide materials has occurred since 2016.
(7) Metal price assumptions used for lead oxide feed considered CIBC November 2021 long term consensus pricing (Gold (US$1,598.21/oz), Silver (US$21.02/oz) and Lead (US$0.91/lb).
(8) The mining costs are based on estimated 5500 tpd costs and are variable by mining method.
(9) The unit value COV’s are variable by mining area and proposed mining method. The marginal (incremental) COV ranges from US$31.7 to US$36.7 for a 5,500t/d operation.


Quality Control


All technical data contained in this news release has been reviewed and approved by:


Americo Zuzunaga, FAusIMM CP (Mining Engineer) and Vice President of Corporate Planning is a Qualified Person under National Instrument 43-101 – Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects.


About Sierra Metals


Sierra Metals Inc. is a diversified Canadian mining company focused on the production and development of precious and base metals from its polymetallic Yauricocha Mine in Peru, and Bolivar and Cusi Mines in Mexico. The Company is focused on increasing production volume and growing mineral resources. Sierra Metals has recently had several new key discoveries and still has many more exciting brownfield exploration opportunities at all three Mines in Peru and Mexico that are within close proximity to the existing mines. Additionally, the Company also has large land packages at all three mines with several prospective regional targets providing longer-term exploration upside and mineral resource growth potential.


Posted January 21, 2022

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