Integra Resources. (TSX-V:ITR) is pleased to announce the results of a maiden Preliminary Economic Assessment completed by MDA Associates for the DeLamar Gold-Silver Project, located in Idaho, USA. The study was conducted under the direction of Timothy Arnold, Integra’s Vice President of Project Development, and includes contributions from the consulting teams at McClelland Laboratories (Reno), Woods Process Services (Denver), Welsh Hagen (Reno) and EM Strategies (Reno). The PEA is based on Integra’s recently completed mineral resource estimate announced on June 17, 2019.
The PEA base case assumes a gold price of US$1,350/oz, a silver price of US$16.90/oz and a C$/US$ exchange rate of 1.32.
DeLamar Project Preliminary Economic Assessment Highlights
George Salamis, Integra’s President and CEO, commented, “Presenting a scenario for generating approximately C$697 million in cumulative after-tax cash flow, Integra’s maiden DeLamar project PEA highlights a strong premise for an extraordinary, high-margin and long-life mining operation in a great Tier 1, infrastructure-rich mining jurisdiction like southwestern Idaho. With an upfront CAPEX of C$213 million, an estimated after-tax NPV (5%) of C$472 million, an after-tax IRR of 43% and an average production profile of approximately 124,000 oz of gold equivalent over a 10 year period, the economics presented for DeLamar are truly exceptional. In addition, with all-in sustaining costs of US$742 per oz of gold equivalent (co-product), the PEA demonstrates DeLamar’s ability to generate an estimated annual average after-tax free cash flow of C$81 million per year, further highlighting the economic robustness of the Project from a cash-flow and operating margin perspective. Equally as important, the PEA itself is based on a resource estimate, 90% of which is in a measured and indicated category, thus subject to a high degree of confidence in the resource model that is backed by over 2,500 drill holes. Finally with respect to metallurgy, the assumptions made are robust for this level of study, given the 20 year long history of gold-silver processing and production on the site from 1978 to 1998 in addition to the large number of representative drill core composites and many tonnes of bulk samples collected for the purposes of this PEA”. Mr. Salamis added, “This study is simply a starting point for us in terms of further value enhancement to come in the near-term. A large portion of the DeLamar unoxidized resource has been excluded from this study, and there remain substantial undrilled areas with upside potential for oxide and transitional gold-silver mineralization along the margins of the current DeLamar and Florida Mountain resources that are completely open for resource expansion. We are currently drilling these areas and will be doing so throughout the fall and winter months, with resource expansion clearly within our view. This drilling is intended to support our objective of identifying an expanded resource base to support future studies, with a pre-feasibility study scheduled to commence in the next few months.”
The PEA is based on surface oxide and transitional mineralization at the Florida Mountain and DeLamar Deposits within an overall resource that can be processed by heap leaching. A further component of milling is anticipated to process mineralization from the unoxidized zone at Florida Mountain. A NI 43-101 Technical Report (the “Updated Technical Report”) that summarizes the results of the PEA will be filed on Integra’s SEDAR profile at www.sedar.com within 45 days.
PEA Study Preparation
The PEA was prepared by MDA of Reno, Nevada, and included contributions from McClelland of Reno, Nevada, Woods of Denver, Colorado, EMS of Reno, Nevada and WH of Reno, Nevada. The PEA is preliminary in nature and includes inferred mineral resources that are too speculative geologically to have economic considerations applied to them that would enable them to be categorized as mineral reserves. There is no certainty that PEA results will be realized. Mineral resources are not mineral reserves and do not have demonstrated economic viability.
Technical Inputs and Financial Assumptions
Table 1. Technical Inputs and Financial Assumptions
|DELAMAR PEA: Technical Inputs and Financial Assumptions|
|Exchange Rate (C$/US$)||1.32|
|Contained Gold ounces||1,243,820|
|Contained Silver ounces||46,129,538|
|Contained AuEq ounces||1,821,293|
|Mine Life||10 years|
|Open Pit Mining Rate: min/waste tpd||53,751|
|Strip Ratio (Waste: Mineralization)||1.09|
|Total Tonnage Mined (t)||196,190,238|
|Total Mineralized Material Mined (t)||93,749,888|
|Processing Throughput: Heap-leaching /Milling||27,000 tpd / 2,000 tpd|
|Average Diluted Gold Grade (g/t) – HL||0.39 g/t|
|Average Diluted Silver Grade (g/t) – HL||15.21 g/t|
|Average Diluted AuEq Grade (g/t) – HL||0.58 g/t|
|Average Diluted Gold Grade (g/t) – Milling||0.80 g/t|
|Average Diluted Silver Grade (g/t) – Milling||17.18 g/t|
|Average Diluted AuEq Grade (g/t) – Milling||1.02 g/t|
|Gold Recovery: Heap-leaching/Milling||83% / 90%|
|Silver Recovery: Heap-leaching/Milling||34% / 80%|
|LOM Payable Gold ounces||1,031,179|
|LOM Payable Silver ounces||16,602,692|
|LOM Payable AuEq ounces||1,239,020|
|Years 1-10 Avg Annual Production – Gold||103,118|
|Years 1-10 Avg Annual Production – Silver||1,660,269|
|Years 1-10 Avg Annual Production – AuEq||123,902|
|Years 2-6 Avg. Annual Production – Gold||125,989|
|Years 2-6 Avg. Annual Production – Silver||1,795,845|
|Years 2-6 Avg. Annual Production -AuEq||148,471|
|Operating Costs per Tonne|
|Mining Costs ($/t mined)||US$2.00|
|Mining Costs ($/t processed)||US$4.18|
|Processing Costs ($/t processed) – Heap Leach||US$2.79|
|Processing Costs ($/t processed) – Milling||US$9.07|
|Processing Costs ($/t processed) – Combined||US$3.08|
|G&A Costs ($/t processed)||US$0.55|
|Total Site Operating Cost ($/t processed)||US$7.82|
|Cash Costs and All-in Sustaining Costs|
|LOM Cash Cost ($/oz) Au, net-of-silver by-product||US$469/oz|
|LOM Cash Cost ($/oz) AuEq, co-product||US$617/oz|
|LOM AISC ($/oz) Au, net-of-silver by-product||US$619/oz|
|LOM AISC ($/oz) AuEq, co-product||US$742/oz|
|Capital Expenditures 1|
|Pre-Production Capital Expenditures ($ million) 2||US$142.0|
|Working Capital / Cash for Reclamation Bond ($ million)||US$19.0|
|Florida Mill (Plant & Tailings in Yr 2) ($ million)||US$41.3|
|Other Production Capex / Sustaining Capital Expenditures ($ million)||US$93.4|
|Reclamation Cost ($ million)||US$20.0|
|After-Tax NPV (5%) (US$ million)||US$357.6|
|After-Tax NPV (5%) (C$ million)||C$472.0|
|After-Tax NPV (8%) (US$ million)||US$284.4|
|After-Tax NPV (8%) (C$ million)||C$375.5|
|Pre-Tax NPV (5%) (US$ million)||US$437.3|
|Pre-Tax NPV (5%) (C$ million)||C$577.2|
|Pre-Tax NPV (8%) (US$ million)||US$351.2|
|Pre-Tax NPV (8%) (C$ million)||C$463.6|
|After-Tax Payback period (years)||2.4|
|Average Annual after-tax net free cash flow (Year 1 to year 10) ($ million)||C$81.1|
|LOM net after-tax free cash flow ($ million)||C$697.2|
See table 4 for additional capital related inputs, including working capital, reclamation bond and reclamation costs, and salvage value
Mobile equipment financing could reduce the pre-production capex by up to ~C$34.8 million (US$26.4 million), assuming a 20% cash down.
Sensitivities to Gold and Silver Prices
Tables 2a and 2b below illustrate a range of metal pricing scenarios on an after-tax basis to evaluate the economics of the Project. As shown, the Project remains very viable in the downside commodity price scenario and as well, is extremely robust in the upside case.
Table 2a. After-Tax NPV and IRR Sensitivities Assuming No Mobile Equipment Financing (PEA Case)
|Gold Price (US$/oz)||$||1,350||$||1,200||$||1,500|
|Silver Price (US$/oz)||$||16.90||$||15.00||$||19.00|
|After-Tax NPV(5%) (Million)||C$ 472.0 / US$ 357.6||C$ 330.5 / US$ 250.4||C$ 615.0 / US$ 465.9|
|After-Tax IRR (%)||43%||32%||54%|
|Average Annual Free Cash Flow (Million)||C$81.1||C$64.1||C$98.4|
Table 2b. After-Tax NPV and IRR Sensitivities Assuming Mobile Equipment Financing
|Gold Price (US$/oz)||$||1,350||$||1,200||$||1,500|
|Silver Price (US$/oz)||$||16.90||$||15.00||$||19.00|
|After-Tax NPV(5%) – Million||C$ 467.3 / US$ 354.0||C$ 325.5 / US$ 246.6||C$ 610.2 / US$ 462.2|
|After-Tax IRR (%)||53%||39%||66%|
|Average Annual After-Tax Free Cash Flow – Million||C$76.2||C$59.1||C$93.5|
The Project economics are most sensitive to precious metal prices. The Updated Technical Report will present other sensitivities.
DeLamar Project Resources
The following table highlights the resources that were used by MDA in the PEA study. For more detail on the Company’s current resource estimate, please see the new release dated June 17, 2019 by clicking the following link:
Table 3. DeLamar Project Global (DeLamar + Florida Mountain) Gold and Silver Resources
|Classification||Tonnes||g/t Au||oz Au||g/t Ag||oz Ag||g/t AuEq||oz AuEq|
|Measured + Indicated||172,365,000||0.43||2,376,000||21.0||116,514,000||0.70||3,875,000|
Mineral Resources that are not Mineral Reserves do not have demonstrated economic viability.
Oxidized and Transitional Mineral Resources are reported at a 0.2 g AuEq/t cut-off in consideration of potential open-pit mining and heap-leach processing. Unoxidized Mineral Resources are reported at a 0.3 g AuEq/t cut-off in consideration of potential open pit mining a milling / agitated leaching or flotation processing. The Mineral Resources are constrained by pit optimizations.
Gold equivalent in the Resource Estimate is calculated by g Au/t + (g Ag/t ÷ 77.7). Metal prices used were US$1,400 per oz Au / US$18 per oz Ag. Please to the technical report for guidance on modeling and optimization parameters. The gold equivalent for the PEA was calculated by g Au/t + (g Ag/t ÷ 79.9). Metal prices used were US$1,350 per oz Au / US$16.90 per oz Ag.
Rounding as required by reporting guidelines may result in apparent discrepancies between tonnes, grades, and contained metal content.
The Effective Date of the Mineral Resources is May 1, 2019.
The estimate of mineral resources may be materially affected by geology, environment, permitting, legal, title, taxation, sociopolitical, marketing, or other relevant issues
Approximately 330 mining, milling, maintenance and general administrative people will be employed directly by the project in peak years making it a significant contributor to the economy of Owyhee County, situated in southwestern Idaho. The PEA does not contemplate the need for a camp facility during the development and operational phase of the project as it is anticipated that a significant portion of the employee base will be hired from the local area.
The PEA Study contemplates open pit mining of the DeLamar and Florida Mountain Deposits with mine planning and scheduling based on mineralization from economic pit shells generated by MDA. Open-pit mine production is contemplated at 27,000 tonnes per day equating to 9.7 million tonnes per year of mineralized leach feed material, in addition to 730,000 tonnes per year of unoxidized mill feed from Years 3 to 8. With an average waste to mineralization strip ratio of 1.09 to 1, the average mining rate is approximately 58,000 tonnes per day of mineralized feed and waste material. A cut-off of 0.2 g/t AuEq will be used for oxidized and transitional mineralization that is to be heap-leached while a cut-off of 0.3 g/t AuEq is to be used for mineralization that is to be fed to the mill for processing.
Integra contemplates conducting open pit mining at the DeLamar and Florida Mountain Deposits using an owner-operated, conventional mine fleet that includes production drill rigs for mineralization definition and blasting, 23 cubic meter hydraulic shovels and 12.8 cubic meter front end loaders with 136 tonne haul trucks. Mining will begin at Florida Mountain with heap leachable material followed by a mix of heap leach and millable materials. Beginning in year 6, heap leach material will transition from the Florida Mountain area to the DeLamar mining area.
Heap-Leaching and Mill Processing Metallurgy
The PEA incorporates gold and silver extraction from two processes. Heap-leaching of oxide and transitional mineralization at a rate of 27,000 tpd is the primary means of gold and silver extraction at both the DeLamar and Florida Mountain Deposits, whereas a smaller 2,000 tpd mill has been modelled into the PEA processing Florida Mountain unoxidized mineralization. As a sequence, the PEA highlights that heap-leaching will first begin at the Florida Mountain Deposit in Year 1 of operations and will transition to heap-leaching of DeLamar material in Year 6.
In the scenario presented in the PEA, mill construction at Florida Mountain would take place in year 2 with processing expected in year 3 for a period of 6 years.
Heap-leaching of Florida Mountain oxide and transitional mineralization from the pit will be crushed to 50 mm, conveyor stacked onto a heap leach pad and leached using a low concentration sodium cyanide solution. Pregnant solution from the heap leach will be processed in a Merrill-Crowe recovery plant where gold and silver will be precipitated and doré will be produced on-site. As the area was the subject of active mining as recently as 1998, the Project has excellent infrastructure including up-gradable power and water on-site, in addition to other positive attributes such as a low strip ratio, a compact footprint, flexibility in pad locations and active water treatment facilities.
Heap-leaching of DeLamar oxide and transitional mineralization, commencing in Year 6 from the pit will be crushed to 13 mm, agglomerated, and like Florida Mountain, also conveyor stacked onto a heap leach pad and leached using a low concentration sodium cyanide solution. As is the case with the Florida Mountain mineralization, pregnant solution from the DeLamar heap leach will be processed in a Merrill-Crowe recovery plant where gold and silver will be precipitated and doré will be produced.
In the case of the unoxidized material from the Florida Mountain Deposit, testing in 2018-2019 has shown that the material is amenable to gravity concentration, followed by flotation of the gravity tails, with regrinding and agitated cyanide leaching of the flotation concentrate. Metallurgical test-work on Florida Mountain unoxidized composites indicate gold and silver recoveries of 90% and 80% respectively, with a relatively course grind size of 212 µm. As such, in the PEA Base Case, construction of a 2,000 tpd mill would take place in year 2, and would incorporate crushing/grinding, gravity concentration, flotation, concentrate fine re-grinding and final concentrate agitated cyanide leaching.
Development and Operating Schedule
An economic summary, including capital expenditures and operating after-tax cash flow for the DeLamar Project as estimated in the PEA is shown in Graph 1 below.
The expected effective tax rate, based on the U.S. federal and state tax laws as enacted as of August 31, 2019, is approximately 18%.
A Media Snippet accompanying this announcement is available by clicking on the image or link below:
Capital & Operating Costs
Open pit pre-production capital costs require minimal overburden and waste stripping as the oxide and transitional mineralization to be mined is exposed at the surface of the two Deposits. The breakdown of open pit pre-production, capital equipment, sustaining capital costs and mill addition are summarized in Table 4 below.
Table 4. DeLamar Project Capital Cost Estimates (US$ Million)
Capex in Yr -1 (1)
|Capex Yr 1 to
Yr 10 / SUSEX (1)
|Other Mine Capital||$||6,027||$||746||$||6,773|
|Heap Leach Pad||$||14,130||$||19,178||$||33,308|
|Heap leach Plant (Incl Crushing and Stacking)||$||48,449||$||–||$||48,449|
|Heap leach: Agglomeration / Crushing (DeLamar Mineralization)||$||–||$||20,518||$||20,518|
|Florida Mill: Plant||$||–||$||34,554||$||34,354|
|Florida Mill: Tailings Storage Facility||$||–||$||6,990||$||6,990|
|Working Capital (2)||$||13,024||$||(13,024||)||$||–|
|Cash Deposit for Reclamation Bonding (3)||$||6,000||$||(6,000||)||$||–|
|Salvage Value (4)||$||–||$||(26,426||)||$||(26,426||)|
1) Figures in the table include contingency
2) Working capital returned in year 11
3) Cash deposit = 30% of bonding requirement. Released once reclamation is completed
4) Salvage value for mining equipment and plant
The average onsite operating cost is US$7.82 /t processed over the LOM. The AISC, which includes royalties, closure, reclamation, and sustaining capital costs, averages US$619/oz Au net of silver by-products and US$742/oz Au Eq on a co-product basis. Table 5 presents the LOM operating costs used in the PEA and Table 6 presents the LOM cash costs and AISC.
Table 5. Operating Cost Estimates
|Operating Cost Estimates (US$)|
|Mining ($/ mined)||$||2.00|
|Mining ($/ processed)||$||4.18|
|Processing ($/ processed) – HL||$||2.79|
|Processing ($/ processed) – Mill||$||9.07|
|Processing ($/ processed) – HL and Mill Combined||$||3.08|
|G&A ($/ processed)||$||0.55|
|Total onsite operating costs ($/ processed)||$||7.82|
Table 6. Cash Cost and All-In Sustaining Cost
Cash Costs and All-In Sustaining Costs (US$)
($/oz Au Eq)
|Total onsite costs||$||711||$||592|
|Total cash costs – before royalties||$||724||$||603|
|Total cash costs – Incl royalties||$||741||$||617|
|Total Cash Costs Net of Silver by-Product||$||469||$||617|
|All-In Sustaining Cost||$||619||$||742|
DeLamar: Future Opportunities and Value Enhancements
Through the course of conducting exploration and various studies related to the PEA work, the Company has identified a number of prospective measures to grow the DeLamar Project and enhance future economics. These include the following:
Unoxidized Mineralization Processing and Increased Production Profile Scenarios: Through the course of the recent metallurgy study to support the PEA, the Company identified that both DeLamar and Florida Mountain gold-silver mineralization is amenable to milling and sulphide flotation/concentration, with the Florida Mountain mineralized gold-silver concentrate responding well to fine grinding and on-site cyanidation. While concentrate generated from some portions of the DeLamar unoxidized materials likely could be processed by fine grinding and on-site cyanidation, other portions would likely require autoclave or roaster treatment (possibly after shipment to an off-site, 2nd party facility) for final gold-silver extraction. The current PEA contemplates mining and processing of the unoxidized mineralization only from Florida Mountain. As shown in the previous news release regarding the current resource estimate, there will remain a large portion of the global resource in unoxidized mineralization that through further metallurgical characterization and optimization studies could potentially be brought into future studies and increase production profiles, well beyond what is currently being demonstrated by the PEA presented today.
Exploration Potential: Several areas remain available to grow the resource base. This includes oxide and transitional mineralization located directly along the margins of the DeLamar and Florida Deposits. The Company is currently conducting step-out drilling along these margins and believes these areas are highly prospective for an expansion to the oxide and transitional resource. Resource expansion in this type of mineralization may enable Integra to expand the heap leach production profile in the near future. In addition, the unoxidized mineralization on both Deposits remains completely open to expansion, on-strike and at depth.
High Grade Exploration Upside: The original underground mining activity conducted in the DeLamar district during the late 1800’s and early 1990’s focussed on low-sulphidation epithermal veins hosting high grades of gold and silver. In the course of exploration over the last 18 months, Integra has intersected this style of high-grade vein mineralization on the DeLamar and Florida Mountain Deposits. Integra believes that further epithermal vein discoveries are likely in the course of its future exploration and intends to investigate ways to incorporate targeting mining of high grade gold and silver from these systems in future mine plans. Given that the PEA contemplates the construction of a 2,000 tpd mill at Florida Mountain, the Company would potentially have the capacity under its current capital development proposal to process high grade epithermal vein mineralization.
Currently Stockpiled Low Grade Waste Material and Tailings: The Company is aware that a large amount of low grade waste material is stockpiled around site, that was produced as a result of mining and milling during the late 1970’s to the late 1990’s. This material could be analyzed for economic potential in light of today’s higher price environment.
Processing Upside: Recent metallurgical testwork suggests that some DeLamar Oxide and Transitional mineralized material may not need tertiary crushing and (or) agglomeration, which would reduce capital cost and operating costs. Integra plans to conduct further metallurgical testwork on core to be drilled this winter.
Next Steps: Pre-Feasibility Study and On-Going Exploration
Integra plans to commence work in support of a pre-feasibility study on the DeLamar Project in the coming months. In accordance with current internal estimates and subject to raising the necessary financing, the Company is targeting completion of these studies by H2, 2021. A decision to advance towards mine development and production will be based on the results of future studies, in addition to permitting work which has recently commenced. Integra’s goal of rapidly advancing feasibility-level work in a fast tracked timeline is linked to the large amount of data that exists on the project stemming from over 20 years of past production history, the significant amount of metallurgical test-work that has been conducted thus far, the large existing M&I gold-silver resource base to work with and the large amount of infrastructure currently in place on the Project.
Budgets and timelines for the upcoming development study work are being reviewed and are expected to be complete in the coming months. At present, the Company continues its aggressive exploration program on the Project aimed at expanding the low-grade oxide/transitional mineralization around the margins of the DeLamar and Florida Mountain Deposits.
Further information about the PEA and the resource estimate referenced in this news release, including information in respect of data verification, key assumptions, parameters, risks and other factors, can be found in the NI 43-101 technical report for the DeLamar Project that will be filed on SEDAR under Integra’s profile at www.sedar.com.
Qualified Persons & Technical Report
The scientific and technical information contained in this news release has been verified and approved by Tim Arnold, Integra’s Vice President of Project Development, of Reno, Nevada, a professional engineer and “Qualified Person” within the meaning of NI 43- 101, Thomas Dyer, a PE within the state of Nevada, a Registered Member of the SME with expertise in mining and economic analysis and a “Qualified Person” within the meaning of NI 43-101, Jack McPartland, a member of MMSA, with special expertise in metallurgy/processing and a “Qualified Person” within the meaning of NI 43-101, Jeffrey Woods, Principle Consulting Metallurgist at Woods Process Services of Denver, Colorado, a registered member of the SME and MMSA and “Qualified Person” within the meaning of NI 43-101, John D. Welsh, Senior Principal of Welsh Hagan Associates and independent of the Company, a registered professional engineer and “Qualified Person” within the meaning of NI 43-101.
The DeLamar and Florida Mountain mineral resource estimates were prepared by Mine Development Associates of Reno, Nevada under the supervision of Michael Gustin. Mr. Gustin is a Qualified Person and is independent of the Company as defined by NI 43-101.
About Integra Resources
Integra Resources is a development-stage company engaged in the acquisition, exploration and development of mineral properties in the Americas. The primary focus of the Company is advancement of its DeLamar Project, consisting of the neighbouring DeLamar and Florida Mountain Gold and Silver Deposits in the heart of the historic Owyhee County mining district in south western Idaho. The first exploration program in over 25 years began on the DeLamar Project in 2018, with more than 30,000 meters drilled to date. The management team comprises the former executive team from Integra Gold Corp.
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