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i-80 Gold Provides Positive Metallurgical Results from Ruby Hill and Golden Hill

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i-80 Gold Provides Positive Metallurgical Results from Ruby Hill and Golden Hill






i-80 GOLD CORP. (TSX:IAU) (NYSE:IAUX) is pleased to announce the results of Metallurgical work completed by Blue Coast Research Ltd. on samples from the company’s Ruby Hill and Golden Hill Projects located in Eureka County and along the southeastern end of the Battle Mountain/Eureka gold trend in Nevada. The Properties are host to multiple polymetallic base metal deposits and/or zones of mineralization that are being advanced by the Company concurrent with the gold deposits.


The BCR Study was commissioned to enhance the understanding of the various deposits for planning purposes related to the recovery of the multiple metals contained within each zone. Locked cycle testing was completed on sulphide dominant composites from the Hilltop (Upper, Lower and East), and the FAD (East, West and Gold Hill Oxide) Zones. Highlights from the Company’s 2023/2024 metallurgical programs include:

  • High grade zinc and/or lead concentrates were produced with positive recoveries for each of the four sulphide dominant composites – with zinc recoveries of up to 96.0%, lead recoveries of up to 97.9% and silver recoveries of up to 85.0%
  • Positive gold recoveries from cyanidation were achieved for the upper oxidized mineralized zones, realizing 86.8% for Upper Hilltop and 85.1% for Golden Hill
  • Notably, the composites contain low silica and low deleterious metals, enhancing the expected potential of future concentrates
  • Work in 2024 will include additional metallurgical work on the Mineral Point deposit at Ruby Hill that is host to a measured and indicated resource of 3.2 M ounces of gold and 97.5 M ounces of silver (203.2 M tonnes, 0.49 g/t Au, 14.9 g/t Ag) and an inferred resource of 1.9 M ounces of gold and 72.3 M ounces of silver (157.3 M tonnes, 0.37 g/t Au, 14.3 g/t Ag). This makes it one of the largest gold/silver deposits in the United States.1


1 See Ruby Hill Technical report title “NI 43-101 Report on 2021 Ruby Hill Mineral Resource Estimate Eureka Country, Nevada, USA” with Effective Date July 31, 2021 at and on Sedar or at



The Ruby Hill and Golden Hill Properties collectively represent one of the Company’s primary assets – host to multiple gold, base metal and precious metal-rich polymetallic deposits and mineralization. Drilling completed between 2022 and 2024 at the Blackjack, Hilltop and FAD zones intersected significant high‑grade mineralization with all zones remaining open for expansion. Initial polymetallic (base metal) resource estimates are being planned as part of the Company’s mine development strategy for these properties with mine workings accessing both the gold and polymetallic deposits.


“We are encouraged by the positive recovery of the multiple metals contained within the Hilltop and FAD deposits”, stated Todd Esplin, Technical Director of i-80 Gold. “We believe that this work will be included in future resource estimates, mine planning and economic studies.”


The scope of the program completed by BCR included chemical and mineralogical characterization, comminution test work, cyanidation test work and bench top flotation testing.  A total of eight samples were submitted for both chemical and mineralogical characterization.  Chemical characterization for the samples is shown in Table 1 below.


Table 1 – Summary of head chemical characterization of all composites


Sample ID Au (g/t) Ag (g/t) Pb(%) Zn(%) Fe(%) S2- (%)
Upper Hill Top Oxide (Upper HT Ox) 10.89 395 14.7 2.1 15.2 2.2
Lower Hill Top (Lower HT) 1.74 336 9.7 12.9 11.6 14.7
East Hill Top (HTE) 0.04 4.3 0.0 11.3 10.4 11.6
Upper Hill Top Sulphide (Upper HT Sul) 0.74 475 27.2 11.9 11.5 15.9
Upper Hill Top Sulphide-B (Upper HT Sul-B) 2.88 708 37.2 8.9 13.9 19.1
FAD West (FAD_W) 6.02 396 6.4 21.2 22.4 24.3
FAD East (FAD_E) 4.68 249 3.9 14.4 18.8 21.1
Gold Hill Oxide (GH_Ox) 2.27 21.1 0.4 4.5 12.6 0.1


Differences in the chemical and mineralogical properties between each of the zones resulted in metallurgical testing tailored to the specific characteristics of each sample. Base metal rich (Zinc and Lead) sulphide dominant mineralization occurs in the Hilltop, FAD and Blackjack samples with higher pyrite (and gold) in the FAD samples. Non-sulphide lead (cerussite) is present in the oxidized portion of the Upper Hilltop Zone. Only trace sulphides were found in the Golden Hill oxide gold mineralization.


A cyanidation program was initiated for near-surface, oxidized mineralization, from the Upper Hilltop and Golden Hill oxide gold zone that demonstrate that both are amenable to cyanidation. Whole rock bottle roll tests on these composites achieved positive cyanidation gold recoveries of 86.8% for Upper Hilltop and 85.1% for Golden Hill.


Flotation Test Work


Sulphide dominant samples (Lower HT, HTE, FAD_E, FAD_W) underwent extensive floatation test work and utilized a conventional sequential lead-zinc flow sheet depending on the mineralogy. This testing ultimately culminated in successful locked cycle tests being conducted on each composite with high grade zinc and/or lead concentrates being produced at acceptable recoveries. All lead concentrates produced grades at 58% or greater and all zinc concentrates graded at 53% or greater. The results are summarized in Table 2.


Table 2 – Summary of program final flotation results for selected composites


Composite Test ID Product Assays Distribution as % of
contained metal
Au Ag Pb Zn
Lower HT LCT-2 Pb Clnr 2 Conc 6.8 2330 75.4 4.3 37.9 85.0 97.9 3.9
Zn Clnr 2 Conc 1.4 191 0.4 56.9 13.9 11.9 1.0 89.8
HTE LCT-3 Zn Clnr 3 Conc 9.4 53.9 53.0 96.0
FAD_E LCT-6 Pb Clnr 3 Conc 3.0 2598 60.6 8.9 3.4 63.4 88.8 3.8
Zn Clnr 3 Conc 1.0 222 0.9 54.9 4.9 21.7 5.2 92.6
FAD_W LCT-5 Pb Clnr 3 Conc 2.8 2834 58.4 11.3 4.9 76.1 89.2 6.2
Zn Clnr 3 Conc 1.5 198 1.5 54.2 7.2 14.8 6.3 82.3
Upper HT Ox F-29 Pb Clnr 3 Conc 91.7 3840 77.1 17.3 22.4 13.2
Oxide Clnr 3 Conc 17.2 1086 61.9 17.6 34.5 57.5
Combined Pb Conc. 28.7 1514 64.3 34.9 56.9 70.7


The oxide/transition samples in the Upper Hilltop Zone (Upper HTOx and Upper HTSul) required a different approach due to the more complex mineralogy owing to the presence of cerussite (lead carbonate).  For these samples, a sulphidization stage was added after a lead-pyrite flotation flowsheet, that resulted in a significant improvement in lead recovery compared to a conventional lead sulphide (only) flowsheet. A successful batch test using this approach was conducted on Upper HTOx (F-29 shown above) which produced a combined lead concentrate grading 64% lead and recovery of 70.7%.Due to the complexity of Upper HTSul mineralization, a limited flotation program was conducted. However, detailed mineralogical analysis of the flotation products provided a path forward and suggest that (1) sphalerite misplaced to the galena concentrate can be reduced by reducing the rougher flotation time and (2) opportunity may exist to improve lead recovery by utilizing a similar flotation flowsheet as Upper HTOx (pyrite flotation followed by sulphidization of cerussite with NaSH).


Based on the work completed by BCR on the FAD mineralization, the majority of the gold mineralization reports to the rougher and cleaner tails. The scope of work focused solely on the base metal mineralization and future test work will include a focus on gold recoveries from polymetallic mineralization at FAD.


Blackjack Flotation Test Work:


In 2008 Barrick Gold commissioned G & T Metallurgical Services Ltd to conduct flotation test work on Blackjack Lead-Zinc mineral composites.


Composition of Low and High Zinc Composites


Composite Assay in % or g/t
Cu Pb Zn Fe Ag Au S C As Pb(ox) Zn(ox)
Low Zinc 0.022 0.72 3.7 16.5 24 0.45 17.4 0.05 0.26 0.13 0.17
High Zinc 0.029 2.45 24.5 4.1 196 0.47 16.0 1.07 0.03 0.19 0.13
Note: Aq and Au assays are reported in g/tonne, all others are in percent.


The lock cycle testing on the high zinc composite produced good metallurgical results with approximately 91% of the lead recovered into a lead concentrate grading approximately 70% lead. Approximately 85% of the silver in the feed reported to the lead concentrate, which contained almost 5600 g/t silver.  Zinc recovery into the zinc concentrate was 97% at a zinc concentrate grade of nearly 61%.


Future work will look to build upon the previously completed work and optimize recoveries from the Blackjack deposit.


Note – Blue Coast Research Ltd was not involved or did not conduct any Blackjack metallurgical flotation test work


Overall, this program showed that the samples tested responded positively to flotation and future metallurgical work recommended by BCR includes the evaluation of a larger number of samples to better understand the project, completing a larger and more rigorous comminution study to understand milling requirements, conduct additional metallurgical work on Blackjack samples, conduct D-IMS analysis of Lower HT, FAD_E and FAD_W to quantify the amount of gold mineralization locked with pyrite, and determine if primary grinding inert media can improve selectivity in HTE and Lower HT samples.


Hole ID and Location of Composites used in Testing


Composite Hole ID Easting Nad83 UTM Northing Nad83
Elevation (m)
Lower HT iRH22-38 587348 4375336 1979
iRH22-39 587346 4375338 1978
iRH22-40 587346 4375348 1978
iRH22-41 587345 4375342 1978
HTE iRH22-61 587520 4375184 1994
FAD_E PC22-07 587179 4373123 2102
FAD_W GH21-03 587090 4373069 2115
GH21-04 587114 4373182 2114
GH21-05 587114 4373177 2114
PC22-01 587033 4373235 2107
Upper HT Ox iRH22-54 587456 4375134 1999
iRH22-55 587618 4375134 2006
iRH22-70 587388 4375282 1986
High and Low Zn G & T Sample BRH-75C 587677 4375547 1738


Sample material was selected through reviewing drill core visually and geochemically to determine differences in mineralization styles. Intervals were then selected on the basis of being representative of the particular composite within each mineralized zone.


Joint Venture Update


The negotiation of definitive documentation related to the previously announced proposed joint venture of the Ruby Hill Property continues to advance. Metallurgical work completed to-date as part of the due diligence program related to this partnership has indicated recoveries similar to those achieved in the BCR work.


Qualified Person


Tim George, PE, is the Qualified Person for the technical information contained in this press release and is a Qualified Person within the meaning of National Instrument 43-101. Mr. George has reviewed and approved this press release.


About i-80 Gold Corp.


i-80 Gold Corp. is a Nevada-focused, mining company with a goal of achieving mid-tier gold producer status through the development of multiple deposits within the Company’s advanced-stage property portfolio with processing at i-80’s centralized milling facilities.


Posted June 27, 2024

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