FY2021 EPS of $0.97, EBITDA of $819.5M and net cash flow from operations of $623.5M; Phase II expansion on track for completion by mid-2022; and advanced new programs to develop technologies and products
Champion Iron Limited (TSX: CIA) (ASX: CIA) (OTCQX: CIAFF) is pleased to announce operational and financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended March 31, 2021.
Health & Safety
Growth and Development
Phase II Expansion Project Milestones
“My recognition goes to our people for their ability to navigate the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic, enabling our Company to report record fourth quarter and 2021 fiscal year financial and operational results,” stated Champion’s CEO, Mr. David Cataford. “Additionally, our Company’s commitment to reduce our industry’s environmental footprint is at the forefront, as we initiated a program to develop and test new products aimed at reducing emissions in the steelmaking process. We are also building on the market’s robust appetite for our high-grade iron ore concentrate with our growth projects. Accordingly, we are rapidly advancing the Phase II expansion project, which remains on track for completion by mid-2022, in addition to the recent acquisition of the Kami Project. Reporting our third full year of stable operational performance, we thank our people and partners who shared our vision in recommissioning Bloom Lake. Together, we are reducing emissions in the global steel industry and participating in the post-pandemic economic recovery of Québec, with our strong operations and growth initiatives.”
Bloom Lake Phase II Update
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, $45,971,000 in capital expenditures and $9,200,000 in advance payments were incurred for the project, for a total of $170,317,000 invested to date, which included $15,211,000 in advance payments to SFPPN. There are currently more than 200 employees, consultants and subcontractors actively working on-site to meet the Bloom Lake Phase II completion objectives and consequently, construction work is progressing as planned. The following work was undertaken and the following milestones were achieved during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021:
The Company intends to deliver the project by mid-2022 with the construction work to reach its peak between May and October 2021.
Product Research and Development
The Company believes that the steel industry is undergoing a structural shift in its steelmaking methods, including an increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the iron and steelmaking processes. This dynamic could create rising demand for higher grade raw materials and a shift towards reduction technologies used to produce liquid iron, such as the use of DR in Electric Arc Furnace instead of the Blast Furnace for liquid iron production.
Accordingly, the Company has decided to deploy a Research and Development (“R&D”) program which aims to develop technologies and products to support the steelmaking transition from the BF method to the DR-EAF method, while supporting emissions reduction in the BF process.
During the three-month period and year ended March 31, 2021, the Company incurred product “R&D” expenses of $336,000 and $1,258,000, respectively. During the 2021 fiscal year, the program focused on three main areas:
Utilization of the DR process requires higher quality raw materials. Given the high-quality nature of the iron ore concentrate produced at the Bloom Lake Mining Complex, the Company believes it can become a key player in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the steelmaking process. During the year, the Company has demonstrated, at laboratory scale, its ability to upgrade its current iron ore concentrate product to more than 69% Fe using a flotation process.
During the first half of the year ended March 31, 2021, the Company also received confirmation from DR pellet producers and DR plant operators that its initial commercial production test, completed during the fourth quarter of the 2020 fiscal year, qualified as DR iron ore concentrate. With this confirmed product specification, in the three-month period and year ended March 31, 2021, the Company produced respectively 374,400 wmt and 575,700 wmt of DR quality iron ore concentrate, at an average of 67.7% Fe, with an average combined silica and alumina content of 2.8%. This demonstrates the ability of the Company to produce and sell higher quality iron ore products. DR quality iron ore production strategically positions the Company to potentially increase its customer base and confirms that Bloom Lake is one of the few producing deposits globally that can transition its product offering in response to a potential shift in the steelmaking methods in the coming years.
Additionally, as part of its commitment to participate in the iron and steel industry decarbonization, the Company has financed and collaborated with a European-based company which holds a proprietary cold agglomeration technology. The objective of the cold pelletizing technology is to substantially reduce the emissions linked to the agglomeration of its material. Promising laboratory results demonstrated that carbon emissions related to agglomeration could be reduced by more than 95% with this technology. The Company intends to further explore the potential of cold pelletizing technologies towards industrial trials, with this European-based company.
Bloom Lake Mine Operating Activities
|Three Months Ended||Year Ended|
|March 31,||March 31,|
|Waste mined and hauled (wmt)||3,796,300||3,180,100||19 %||15,481,100||13,742,400||13 %|
|Ore mined and hauled (wmt)||5,636,100||5,413,100||4 %||21,571,700||20,817,400||4 %|
|Material mined and hauled (wmt)||9,432,400||8,593,200||10 %||37,052,800||34,559,800||7 %|
|Strip ratio||0.67||0.59||14 %||0.72||0.66||9 %|
|Ore milled (wmt)||5,237,800||4,880,000||7 %||20,598,700||19,749,800||4 %|
|Head grade Fe (%)||30.7||31.7||(3 %)||30.7||32.1||(4 %)|
|Recovery (%)||82.6||82.3||— %||83.5||82.6||1 %|
|Product Fe (%)||66.5||66.5||— %||66.4||66.4||— %|
|Iron ore concentrate produced (wmt)||2,011,400||1,891,800||6 %||8,001,200||7,903,700||1 %|
|Iron ore concentrate sold (dmt)||1,971,100||1,888,200||4 %||7,684,500||7,577,400||1 %|
|Financial Data (in thousands of dollars)|
|Revenues||396,702||175,702||126 %||1,281,815||785,086||63 %|
|Cost of sales||107,137||101,721||5 %||416,272||399,368||4 %|
|Cost of sales – incremental costs related to COVID-19||3,162||—||— %||12,610||—||— %|
|Other expenses||14,591||12,862||13 %||43,693||37,178||18 %|
|Net finance costs||5,430||4,684||16 %||22,428||84,244||(73 %)|
|Net income)||155,934||18,351||750 %||464,425||121,050||284 %|
|EBITDA1||275,764||60,655||355 %||819,477||347,433||136 %|
|Statistics (in dollars per dmt sold)|
|Gross average realized selling price||220.0||130.5||69 %||182.3||142.5||28 %|
|Net average realized selling price1||201.3||93.1||116 %||166.8||103.6||61 %|
|Total cash cost (C1 cash cost)1||54.4||53.9||1 %||54.2||52.7||3 %|
|All-in sustaining cost1||65.1||59.8||9 %||62.8||62.7||— %|
|Cash operating margin1||136.2||33.3||309 %||104.0||40.9||154 %|
On March 24, 2020, the Company announced the ramp down of its operations following directives from the Government of Québec in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which required mining activities to be reduced to a minimum within the province of Québec. As announced by the Company on April 23, 2020, operations gradually ramped up following the Government’s announcement that mining activities were to be considered a “priority service” in Québec. Early actions implemented by the Company in response to the COVID-19 pandemic minimized impacts on the Company and its operations. Despite disruptions to operations in the first quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021, the Company was able to set a new annual record production of 8,001,200 wmt of high-grade iron ore concentrate during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, 9,432,400 tonnes of material was mined and hauled, compared to 8,593,200 tonnes for the same period in 2020, an increase of 10%. This increase in material mined and hauled is attributable to the Company’s ongoing mining equipment rebuild program, which provided a higher equipment utilization rate and additional equipment availability. The higher volume mined is also attributable to the commissioning of an additional haul truck during the year ended March 31, 2021.
The strip ratio increased to 0.67 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, compared to 0.59 for the same period in 2020. Although the strip ratio is in line with the annual mine plan, it was negatively impacted by the Company’s efforts to recover the waste backlog accumulated during the first quarter of the 2021 fiscal year, when Champion’s operations were disrupted by the Government’s imposed COVID-19 directives.
The Bloom Lake plant processed 5,237,800 tonnes of ore during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, compared to 4,880,000 tonnes for the same period in 2020, representing an increase of 7%. The higher throughput resulted from higher mined ore availability and a higher mill utilization rate. The continuous improvements and operational innovations allowed the Company to increase throughput stability and reach a higher level of mill productivity, despite the inefficiencies created by COVID-19, enabling the Company to capitalize on elevated iron ore prices.
The iron ore head grade for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 was 30.7%, compared to 31.7% for the same period in 2020. The decrease in head grade is attributable to the presence of some lower grade ore being sourced and blended from different pits when compared to the prior year, which is in line with the mining plan and the life of mine head grade average.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company produced 374,400 wmt of DR quality iron ore concentrate at 67.7% Fe, with a combined silica and alumina content of 2.8%. This production has been sold during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, demonstrating the Company’s ability to adapt to meet demand for higher quality iron ore products. The Company’s average recovery rate of 82.6% remained stable during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 despite being adversely impacted by the production of low-silica concentrate, compared to a recovery rate of 82.3% for the same period in 2020.
Bloom Lake produced 2,011,400 wmt of 66.5% Fe high-grade iron ore concentrate during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, an increase of 6%, compared to 1,891,800 wmt for the same period in 2020. The higher production is mainly a result of higher throughput, despite being partially offset by a lower head grade.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, 1,971,100 tonnes of high-grade iron ore concentrate were sold at the CFR China gross average realized price of US$173.9/dmt, before provisional sales adjustments and shipping costs. The gross average realized selling price of US$173.9/dmt represents a premium of 4.2% over the benchmark IODEX 62% Fe CFR China Index (“P62”) price, compared to a premium of 8.9% for the same period in 2020. The gross average realized selling price reflects the sales at a determined price, as well as the forward price at the expected settlement date for 1,007,000 tonnes which were in transit at the end of the period. The gross average realized selling price of US$173.9/dmt is lower for the quarter, compared to the average IODEX 65% Fe CFR China Index (“P65”) of US$191.2/dmt for the same period. The difference is due to the fact that the majority of the gross realized selling price is determined using the forward price when on or after the vessel’s arrival to the port at discharge, which was at a significant discount compared to the average P65 during the period.
Benefiting from rising pellet premiums and the global economic recovery during the period, the Company reduced or cancelled discounted pricing on some sales to the P65 index, previously required to compete with the pricing of pellets which experienced multi-year lows in previous periods. As such, the Company expects its iron ore concentrate pricing to continue tracking the P65 index in the long-term. In addition, the Company should continue to benefit from the current period prices for its contracted volumes, based on previous months’ P65 prices in the upcoming fiscal period ending June 30, 2021. Other factors influencing the Company’s realized price included the increasing demand for low silica and alumina products, due to rising coking coal prices and falling levels of iron ore inventories at Chinese ports, further tightening iron ore availability.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the global economic recovery, rising fuel prices and decreased vessel availability contributed to the rising sea freight index, when compared to the previous quarter. The Company paid lower freight costs in the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020, even if the C3 Baltic Capesize Index (“C3”) was higher. The freight costs variation relative to the C3 index during the period is mainly due to the timing of the vessels’ booking and the fact that the Company benefited from a freight contract at a fixed price of US$17.50 per tonne plus freight commissions for one vessel per month through March 2021.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the final price was established for the 601,000 tonnes of iron ore that were in transit as at December 31, 2020. Accordingly, during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, provisional pricing adjustments of $20,449,000 were recorded as additional revenues for the 601,000 tonnes, representing a positive impact of US$8.4/dmt.
After taking into account sea freight costs of US$23.0/dmt and the provisional sales adjustment of US$8.4/dmt, the Company obtained a net average realized selling price of US$159.3/dmt (CA$201.3/dmt) for its high-grade iron ore delivered to the end customer. Revenues totaled $396,702,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 compared to $175,702,000 for the same period in 2020. The increase is attributable to a higher net average realized selling price1.
Cost of Sales
Cost of sales represents mining, processing, and mine site-related general and administrative expenses.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the total cash cost1 or C1 cash cost1 per tonne, excluding specific and incremental costs related to COVID-19, totaled $54.4/dmt, compared to $53.9/dmt for the same period in 2020. The total cash cost1 for the period was higher mainly due to a lower head grade and the negative impact of inefficiencies related to COVID-19 preventive measures involving social distancing protocols.
In general, the Company’s total cash cost1 remained relatively stable through the quarters even if the year ended March 31, 2021 was negatively impacted by the inefficiencies related to COVID-19.
Net Income & EBITDA1
For the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company generated record a net income of $155,934,000 (EPS of $0.32), compared to $18,351,000 (EPS of $0.04) for the same period in 2020. The increase in net income is mainly due to higher gross profit and higher other income, partially offset by higher income and mining taxes from increased taxable income.
For the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company generated a record EBITDA1 of $275,764,000 including non-cash share-based payments, representing an EBITDA margin1 of 70%, compared to $60,655,000, representing an EBITDA margin1 of 35% for the same period in 2020. The variation in EBITDA1 period over period is primarily due to the higher revenue from higher net average realized selling price1, partially offset by higher production costs and incremental costs related to COVID-19.
About Champion Iron Limited
Champion Iron Limited, through its subsidiary Quebec Iron Ore Inc., owns and operates the Bloom Lake Mining Complex, located on the south end of the Labrador Trough, approximately 13 km north of Fermont, Québec, adjacent to established iron ore producers. Bloom Lake is an open-pit truck and shovel operation with a concentrator, and it ships iron ore concentrate from the site by rail, initially on the Bloom Lake Railway, to a ship loading port in Sept-Îles, Québec. The Bloom Lake Phase I plant has a nameplate capacity of 7.4 Mtpa and produces a high-grade 66.2% Fe iron ore concentrate with low contaminant levels, which has proven to attract a premium to the Platts IODEX 62% Fe iron ore benchmark. In addition to the partially completed Bloom Lake Phase II project, Champion owns a portfolio of exploration and development projects in the Labrador Trough, including the Kami Project located a few kilometres south east of Bloom Lake, and the Fire Lake North iron ore project, located approximately 40 km south of Bloom Lake. The Company sells its iron ore concentrate globally, including customers in China, Japan, the Middle East, Europe, South Korea, India and Canada.
Copies of the Company’s Consolidated Audited Financial Statements and associated Management’s Discussion and Analysis for the year ended March 31, 2021, are available under the Company’s filing on SEDAR (www.sedar.com), on the ASX (www.asx.com.au) or the Company’s website (www.championiron.com). All amounts are in Canadian dollars unless otherwise indicated.
|1 This is a non-IFRS financial performance measure with no standard definition under IFRS. See the “Non-IFRS Financial Performance Measures” section included in note 22 of the Company’s Management Discussion and Analysis for the period ended March 31, 2021 (the “MD&A”) available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com, the ASX at www.asx.com.au and the Company’s website at www.championiron.com.|
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